Monday, June 21, 2010

Shiva Sahasranama -- Linga Purana Version ( 1.65.54 to 1.65.168)

A Shiva sahasranama is a list of a thousand names of Shiva,the Supreme God. In Hindu tradition a sahasranama is a type of devotional hymn listing many names of a deity. The names provide an exhaustive catalog of the attributes, functions, and major mythology associated with the figure being praised. There are at least eight different versions of the Shiva sahasranama. It shows the antiquity of Shiva Sahasranama.


Shiva Sahasranama is a "Nama Vidya". 'Nama' means 'Name' . If anyone want to explain about the Supreme Reality ( ie., Parabrahman ) in human language he must use some characteristics, Some phrases,some ideas, inorder to impart the knowledge. When we assimilate all those concepts, ideas,adjectives,..etc as "NOUNs" . They are called 'Nama'.


For example, When Svetasvatara Rishi explained about the Supreme reality he used the word 'Mahesvara'. i.e., "Great lord'. When we use the same phrase as 'NOUN' it becomes 'NAMA'.
Like that, 'Shiva Shasranama' means 1000 names which are usually used by our Rishis to explain about the Ultimate reality. Without using these names no one can explain about the Ultimate reality.


Shiva sahasranama is much older than Vishnu sahasranama. In fact, the 'NamaVidya' has vedik origins too. The Satarudriyam(Sri Rudram) contains about 100 names of Almighty Rudra. The Rudra Bhaktas of Vedik period were the first to use 'Nama Vidya' as a technique. It became so famous that others have also started doing same.


The following is a list of several Versions of Shiva Sahasranama identified so far:


1. Mahabharata 13.17.30-150 (Anuśāsanaparvan Version)
2. Linga Purana (version 1, LP 1.65.54-168) is close to the Mahabharata Anushasanaparvan version.
3. Linga Purana (version 2, LP 1.98.27-159) has some passages in common with LP version 1, but also with other sources
4. Shivapurana 4.35.1-131.
5. Mahabharata (Śāntiparvan version) 12.284.68-180. But not found in critical editions
6. Vayu Purana (1.30.179-284) is almost the same as the Mahabharata Śāntiparvan version.
7. Brahmanda Purana (38.1.1-100) is almost the same as the Vayu Purana version.


Apart from the above versions, Noted blogger Agnideva,the Admin of Shiva Darshana Blog, has mentioned some other versions like


8. Devi Mahabhagavata Upapurana
9. Padma Purana
10. Skanda Purana
11. Vamana Purana
12. Markandeya Purana
13. Saura Purana
14. Bhairava Tantra
15. Bhringiridi Samhita
16. Rudrayamala Tantra
17. Shiva Rahasya Itihasa
18. Akasa Kalpa Tantra



Shiva Sahasranama -- Linga Purana Version ( 1.65.54 to 1.65.168)

oṃ sthiraḥ sthāṇuḥ prabhurbhānuḥ pravaro varado varaḥ || 54 ||

sarvātmā sarvavikhyātaḥ sarvaḥ sarvakaro bhavaḥ |
jaṭī daṇḍī śikhaṇḍī ca sarvagaḥ sarvabhāvanaḥ || 55 ||

hariś ca hariṇākṣaś ca sarvabhūtaharaḥ smṛtaḥ |
pravṛttiś ca nivṛttiś ca śāntātmā śāśvato dhruvaḥ || 56 ||

śmaśānavāsī bhagavān khacaro gocaro 'rdanaḥ |
abhivādyo mahākarmā tapasvī bhūtadhāraṇaḥ || 57 ||

unmattaveṣaḥ pracchannaḥ sarvalokaḥ prajāpatiḥ |
mahārūpo mahākāyaḥ sarvarūpo mahāyaśāḥ || 58 ||

mahātmā sarvabhūtaś ca virūpo vāmano naraḥ |
lokapālo 'ntarhitātmā prasādo 'bhayado vibhuḥ || 59 ||

pavitraś ca mahāṃścaiva niyato niyatāśrayaḥ |
svayaṃbhūḥ sarvakarmā ca ādirādikaro nidhiḥ || 60 ||

sahasrākṣo viśālākṣaḥ somo nakṣatrasādhakaḥ |
candraḥ sūryaḥ śaniḥ ketur graho grahapatirmataḥ || 61 ||

rājā rājyodayaḥ kartā mṛgabāṇārpaṇo ghanaḥ |
mahātapā dīrghatapā adṛśyo dhanasādhakaḥ || 62 ||

saṃvatsaraḥ kṛtīmantraḥ prāṇāyāmaḥ paraṃtapaḥ |
yogī yogo mahābījo mahārato mahābalaḥ || 63 ||

suvarṇaretāḥ sarvajñaḥ subījo vṛṣavāhanaḥ |
daśabāhustvanimiṣo nīlakaṇṭha umāpatiḥ || 64 ||

viśvarūpaḥ svayaṃśreṣṭho balavīro balāgraṇīḥ |
gaṇakartā gaṇapatir digvāsāḥ kāmya eva ca || 65 ||

mantravitparamo mantraḥ sarvabhāvakaro haraḥ |
kamaṇḍaludharo dhanvī bāṇahastaḥ kapālavān || 66 ||

śarī śataghnī khaḍgī ca paṭṭiśī cāyudhī mahān |
ajaś ca mṛgarūpaś ca tejastejaskaro vidhiḥ || 67 ||

uṣṇīṣī ca suvaktraś ca udagro vinatas tathā |
dīrghaś ca harikeśaś ca sutīrthaḥ kṛṣṇa eva ca || 68 ||

śṛgālarūpaḥ sarvārtho muṇḍaḥ sarvaśubhaṅkaraḥ |
siṃhaśārdūlarūpaś ca gandhakārī kapardyapi || 69 ||

ūrdhvaretordhvaliṅgī ca ūrdhvaśāyī nabhastalaḥ |
trijaṭī cīravāsāś ca rudraḥ senāpatir vibhuḥ || 70 ||

ahorātraṃ ca naktaṃ ca tigmamanyuḥ suvarcasaḥ |
gajahā daityahā kālo lokadhātā guṇākaraḥ || 71 ||

siṃhaśārdūlarūpāṇām ārdracarmāṃbaraṃdharaḥ |
kālayogī mahānādaḥ sarvāvāsaścatuṣpathaḥ || 72 ||

niśācaraḥ pretacārī sarvadarśī maheśvaraḥ |
bahubhūto bahudhanaḥ sarvasāro 'mṛteśvaraḥ || 73 ||

nṛtyapriyo nityanṛtyo nartanaḥ sarvasādhakaḥ |
sakārmuko mahābāhur mahāghoro mahātapāḥ || 74 ||

mahāśaro mahāpāśo nityo giricaro mataḥ |
sahasrahasto vijayo vyavasāyo hyaninditaḥ || 75 ||

amarṣaṇo marṣaṇātmā yajñahā kāmanāśanaḥ |
dakṣahā paricārī ca prahaso madhyamas tathā || 76 ||

tejo 'pahārī balavān vidito 'bhyudito bahuḥ |
gaṃbhīraghoṣo yogātmā yajñahā kāmanāśanaḥ || 77 ||

gaṃbhīraroṣo gaṃbhīro gaṃbhīrabalavāhanaḥ |
nyagrodharūpo nyagrodho viśvakarmā ca viśvabhuk || 78 ||

tīkṣṇopāyaś ca haryaśvaḥ sahāyaḥ karmakālavit |
viṣṇuḥ prasādito yajñaḥ samudro vaḍavāmukhaḥ || 79 ||

hutāśanasahāyaś ca praśāntātmā hutāśanaḥ |
ugratejā mahātejā jayo vijayakālavit || 80 ||

jyotiṣāmayanaṃ siddhiḥ saṃdhirvigraha eva ca |
khaḍgī śaṅkhī jaṭī jvālī khacaro dyucaro balī || 81 ||

vaiṇavī paṇavī kālaḥ kālakaṇṭhaḥ kaṭaṃkaṭaḥ |
nakṣatravigraho bhāvo nibhāvaḥ sarvatomukhaḥ || 82 ||

vimocanastu śaraṇo hiraṇyakavacodbhavaḥ |
mekhalākṛtirūpaś ca jalācāraḥ stutas tathā || 83 ||

vīṇī ca paṇavī tālī nālī kalikaṭus tathā |
sarvatūryaninādī ca sarvavyāpyaparigrahaḥ || 84 ||

vyālarūpī bilāvāsī guhāvāsī taraṃgavit |
vṛkṣaḥ śrīmālakarmā ca sarvabandhavimocanaḥ || 85 ||

bandhanastu surendrāṇāṃ yudhi śatruvināśanaḥ |
sakhā pravāso durvāpaḥ sarvasādhuniṣevitaḥ || 86 ||

praskando 'pyavibhāvaś ca tulyo yajñavibhāgavit |
sarvavāsaḥ sarvacārī durvāsā vāsavo mataḥ || 87 ||

haimo hemakaro yajñaḥ sarvadhārī dharottamaḥ |
ākāśo nirvirūpaś ca vivāsā uragaḥ khagaḥ || 88 ||

bhikṣuś ca bhikṣurūpī ca raudrarūpaḥ surūpavān |
vasuretāḥ suvacasvī vasuvego mahābalaḥ || 89 ||

manovego niśācāraḥ sarvalokaśubhapradaḥ |
sarvāvāsī trayīvāsī upadeśakaro dharaḥ || 90 ||

munirātmā munir lokaḥ sabhāgyaś ca sahasrabhuk |
pakṣī ca pakṣarūpaś ca atidīpto niśākaraḥ || 91 ||

samīro damanākāro hy artho hyarthakaro vaśaḥ |
vāsudevaś ca devaś ca vāmadevaś ca vāmanaḥ || 92 ||

siddhiyogāpahārī ca siddhaḥ sarvārthasādhakaḥ |
akṣuṇṇaḥ kṣuṇṇarūpaś ca vṛṣaṇo mṛdur avyayaḥ || 93 ||

mahāseno viśākhaś ca ṣaṣṭibhāgo gavāṃ patiḥ |
cakrahastastu viṣṭambhī mūlastambhana eva ca || 94 ||

ṛturṛtukarastālo madhurmadhukaro varaḥ |
vānaspatyo vājasano nityamāśramapūjitaḥ || 95 ||

brahmacārī lokacārī sarvacārī sucāravit |
īśāna īśvaraḥ kālo niśācārī hyanekadṛk || 96 ||

nimittastho nimittaṃ ca nandir nandikaro haraḥ |
nandīśvaraḥ sunandī ca nandano viṣamardanaḥ || 97 ||

bhagahārī niyantā ca kālo lokapitāmahaḥ |
caturmukho mahāliṅgaś cāruliṅgastathaiva ca || 98 ||

liṅgādhyakṣaḥ surādhyakṣaḥ kālādhyakṣo yugāvahaḥ |
bījādhyakṣo bījakartā adhyātmānugato balaḥ || 99 ||

itihāsaś ca kalpaś ca damano jagadīśvaraḥ |
dambho dambhakaro dātā vaṃśo vaṃśakaraḥ kaliḥ || 100 ||

lokakartā paśupatir mahākartā hyadhokṣajaḥ |
akṣaraṃ paramaṃ brahma balavāñchukta eva ca || 101 ||

nityo hyanīśaḥ śuddhātmā śuddho māno gatirhaviḥ |
prāsādastu balo darpo darpaṇo havya indrajit || 102 ||

vedakāraḥ sūtrakāro vidvāṃś ca paramardanaḥ |
mahāmeghanivāsī ca mahāghoro vaśīkaraḥ || 103 ||

agnijvālo mahājvālaḥ paridhūmrāvṛto raviḥ |
dhiṣaṇaḥ śaṅkaro nityo varcasvī dhūmralocanaḥ || 104 ||

nīlas tathāṅgaluptaś ca śobhano naravigrahaḥ |
svasti svastisvabhāvaś ca bhogī bhogakaro laghuḥ || 105 ||

utsaṅgaś ca mahāṅgaś ca mahāgarbhaḥ pratāpavān |
kṛṣṇavarṇaḥ suvarṇaś ca indriyaḥ sarvavarṇikaḥ || 106 ||

mahāpādo mahāhasto mahākāyo mahāyaśāḥ |
mahāmūrdhā mahāmātro mahāmitro nagālayaḥ || 107 ||

mahāskandho mahākarṇo mahoṣṭhaś ca mahāhanuḥ |
mahānāso mahākaṇṭho mahāgrīvaḥ śmaśānavān || 108 ||

mahābalo mahātejā hy antarātmā mṛgālayaḥ |
lambitoṣṭhaś ca niṣṭhaś ca mahāmāyaḥ payonidhiḥ || 109 ||

mahādanto mahādaṃṣṭro mahājihvo mahāmukhaḥ |
mahānakho mahāromā mahākeśo mahājaṭaḥ || 110 ||

asapatnaḥ prasādaś ca pratyayo gītasādhakaḥ |
prasvedano 'svedanaś ca ādikaś ca mahāmuniḥ || 111 ||

vṛṣako vṛṣaketuś ca analo vāyuvāhanaḥ |
maṇḍalī meruvāsaś ca devavāhana eva ca || 112 ||

atharvaśīrṣaḥ sāmāsya ṛksahasrorjitekṣaṇaḥ |
yajuḥ pādabhujo guhyaḥ prakāśaujāstathaiva ca || 113 ||

amoghārthaprasādaś ca antarbhāvyaḥ sudarśanaḥ |
upahāraḥ priyaḥ sarvaḥ kanakaḥ kāñcanasthitaḥ || 114 ||

nābhir nandikaro harmyaḥ puṣkaraḥ sthapatiḥ sthitaḥ |
sarvaśāstro dhanaścādyo yajño yajvā samāhitaḥ || 115 ||

nago nīlaḥ kaviḥ kālo makaraḥ kālapūjitaḥ |
sagaṇo gaṇakāraś ca bhūtabhāvanasārathiḥ || 116 ||

bhasmaśāyī bhasmagoptā bhasmabhūtatanurgaṇaḥ |
āgamaś ca vilopaś ca mahātmā sarvapūjitaḥ || 117 ||

śuklaḥ strīrūpasampannaḥ śucirbhūtaniṣevitaḥ |
āśramasthaḥ kapotastho viśvakarmā patirvirāṭ || 118 ||

viśālaśākhas tāmroṣṭho hy ambujālaḥ suniścitaḥ |
kapilaḥ kalaśaḥ sthūla āyudhaścaiva romaśaḥ || 119 ||

gandharvo hyaditistārkṣyo hy avijñeyaḥ suśāradaḥ |
paraśvadhāyudho devo hy arthakārī subāndhavaḥ || 120 ||

tumbavīṇo mahākopa ūrdhvaretā jaleśayaḥ |
ugro vaṃśakaro vaṃśo vaṃśavādī hyaninditaḥ || 121 ||

sarvāṅgarūpī māyāvī suhṛdo hyanilo balaḥ |
bandhano bandhakartā ca subandhanavimocanaḥ || 122 ||

rākṣasaghno 'tha kāmārir mahādaṃṣṭro mahāyudhaḥ |
lambito lambitoṣṭhaś ca lambahasto varapradaḥ || 123 ||

bāhustvaninditaḥ sarvaḥ śaṅkaro 'thāpyakopanaḥ |
amareśo mahāghoro viśvadevaḥ surārihā || 124 ||

ahirbudhnyo nirṛtiś ca cekitāno halī tathā |
ajaikapācca kāpālī śaṃ kumāro mahāgiriḥ || 125 ||

dhanvantarirdhūmaketuḥ sūryo vaiśravaṇas tathā |
dhātā viṣṇuś ca śakraś ca mitrastvaṣṭā dharo dhruvaḥ || 126 ||

prabhāsaḥ parvato vāyur aryamā savitā raviḥ |
dhṛtiścaiva vidhātā ca māndhātā bhūtabhāvanaḥ || 127 ||

nīrastīrthaś ca bhīmaś ca sarvakarmā guṇodvahaḥ |
padmagarbho mahāgarbhaś candravaktro nabho 'naghaḥ || 128 ||

balavāṃścopaśāntaś ca purāṇaḥ puṇyakṛttamaḥ |
krūrakartā krūravāsī tanurātmā mahauṣadhaḥ || 129 ||

sarvāśayaḥ sarvacārī prāṇeśaḥ prāṇināṃ patiḥ |
devadevaḥ sukhotsiktaḥ sadasatsarvaratnavit || 130 ||

kailāsastho guhāvāsī himavadgirisaṃśrayaḥ |
kulahārī kulākartā bahuvitto bahuprajaḥ || 131 ||

prāṇeśo bandhakī vṛkṣo nakulaś cādrikas tathā |
hrasvagrīvo mahājānur alolaś ca mahauṣadhiḥ || 132 ||

siddhāntakārī siddhārthaś chando vyākaraṇodbhavaḥ |
siṃhanādaḥ siṃhadaṃṣṭraḥ siṃhāsyaḥ siṃhavāhanaḥ || 133 ||

prabhāvātmā jagatkālaḥ kālaḥ kampī tarustanuḥ |
sāraṅgo bhūtacakrāṅkaḥ ketumālī suvedhakaḥ || 134 ||

bhūtālayo bhūtapatir ahorātro malo 'malaḥ |
vasubhṛt sarvabhūtātmā niścalaḥ suvidur budhaḥ || 135 ||

asuhṛtsarvabhūtānāṃ niścalaścalavidbudhaḥ |
amoghaḥ saṃyamo hṛṣṭo bhojanaḥ prāṇadhāraṇaḥ || 136 ||

dhṛtimānmatimāṃstryakṣaḥ sukṛtastu yudhāṃpatiḥ |
gopālo gopatirgrāmo gocarmavasano haraḥ || 137 ||

hiraṇyabāhuś ca tathā guhāvāsaḥ praveśanaḥ |
mahāmanā mahākāmaś cittakāmo jitendriyaḥ || 138 ||

gāndhāraś ca surāpaś ca tāpakarmarato hitaḥ |
mahābhūto bhūtavṛto hy apsarogaṇasevitaḥ || 139 ||

mahāketur dharādhātā naikatānarataḥ svaraḥ |
avedanīya āvedyaḥ sarvagaś ca sukhāvahaḥ || 140 ||

tāraṇaścaraṇo dhātā paridhā paripūjitaḥ |
saṃyogī vardhano vṛddho gaṇiko 'tha gaṇādhipaḥ || 141 ||

nityo dhātā sahāyaś ca devāsurapatiḥ patiḥ |
yuktaś ca yuktabāhuś ca sudevo 'pi suparvaṇaḥ || 142 ||

āṣāḍhaś ca suṣāḍhaś ca skandhado harito haraḥ |
vapurāvartamāno 'nyo vapuḥśreṣṭho mahāvapuḥ || 143 ||

śirovimarśanaḥ sarva- lakṣyalakṣaṇabhūṣitaḥ |
akṣayo rathagītaś ca sarvabhogī mahābalaḥ || 144 ||

sāmnāyo 'tha mahāmnāyas tīrthadevo mahāyaśāḥ |
nirjīvo jīvano mantraḥ subhago bahukarkaśaḥ || 145 ||

ratnabhūto 'tha ratnāṅgo mahārṇavanipātavit |
mūlaṃ viśālo hyamṛtaṃ vyaktāvyaktastaponidhiḥ || 146 ||

ārohaṇo 'dhirohaś ca śīladhārī mahātapāḥ |
mahākaṇṭho mahāyogī yugo yugakaro hariḥ || 147 ||

yugarūpo mahārūpo vahano gahano nagaḥ |
nyāyo nirvāpaṇo 'pādaḥ paṇḍito hyacalopamaḥ || 148 ||

bahumālo mahāmālaḥ śipiviṣṭaḥ sulocanaḥ |
vistāro lavaṇaḥ kūpaḥ kusumāṅgaḥ phalodayaḥ || 149 ||

ṛṣabho vṛṣabho bhaṅgo maṇibimbajaṭādharaḥ |
indurvisargaḥ sumukhaḥ śūraḥ sarvāyudhaḥ sahaḥ || 150 ||

nivedanaḥ sudhājātaḥ svargadvāro mahādhanuḥ |
girāvāso visargaś ca sarvalakṣaṇalakṣavit || 151 ||

gandhamālī ca bhagavān anantaḥ sarvalakṣaṇaḥ |
saṃtāno bahulo bāhuḥ sakalaḥ sarvapāvanaḥ || 152 ||

karasthālī kapālī ca ūrdhvasaṃhanano yuvā |
yantratantrasuvikhyāto lokaḥ sarvāśrayo mṛduḥ || 153 ||

muṇḍo virūpo vikṛto daṇḍī kuṇḍī vikurvaṇaḥ |
vāryakṣaḥ kakubho vajrī dīptatejāḥ sahasrapāt || 154 ||

sahasramūrdhā devendraḥ sarvadevamayo guruḥ |
sahasrabāhuḥ sarvāṅgaḥ śaraṇyaḥ sarvalokakṛt || 155 ||

pavitraṃ trimadhurmantraḥ kaniṣṭhaḥ kṛṣṇapiṅgalaḥ |
brahmadaṇḍavinirmātā śataghnaḥ śatapāśadhṛk || 156 ||

kalā kāṣṭhā lavo mātrā muhūrto 'haḥ kṣapā kṣaṇaḥ |
viśvakṣetraprado bījaṃ liṅgamādyastu nirmukhaḥ || 157 ||

sadasadvyaktamavyaktaṃ pitā mātā pitāmahaḥ |
svargadvāraṃ mokṣadvāraṃ prajādvāraṃ triviṣṭapaḥ || 158 ||

nirvāṇaṃ hṛdayaścaiva brahmalokaḥ parā gatiḥ |
devāsuravinirmātā devāsuraparāyaṇaḥ || 159 ||

devāsuragurur devo devāsuranamaskṛtaḥ |
devāsuramahāmātro devāsuragaṇāśrayaḥ || 160 ||

devāsuragaṇādhyakṣo devāsuragaṇāgraṇīḥ |
devādhidevo devarṣir devāsuravarapradaḥ || 161 ||

devāsureśvaro viṣṇur devāsuramaheśvaraḥ |
sarvadevamayo 'cintyo devatātmā svayambhavaḥ || 162 ||

udgatastrikramo vaidyo varado 'varajo 'mbaraḥ |
ijyo hastī tathā vyāghro devasiṃho maharṣabhaḥ || 163 ||

vibudhāgryaḥ suraḥ śreṣṭhaḥ svargadevastathottamaḥ |
saṃyuktaḥ śobhano vaktā āśānāṃ prabhavo 'vyayaḥ || 164 ||

guruḥ kānto nijaḥ sargaḥ pavitraḥ sarvavāhanaḥ |
śṛṅgī śṛṅgapriyo babhrū rājarājo nirāmayaḥ || 165 ||

abhirāmaḥ suśaraṇo nirāmaḥ sarvasādhanaḥ |
lalāṭākṣo viśvadeho hariṇo brahmavarcasaḥ || 166 ||

sthāvarāṇāṃ patiścaiva niyatendriyavartanaḥ |
siddhārthaḥ sarvabhūtārtho 'cintyaḥ satyaḥ śucivrataḥ || 167 ||

vratādhipaḥ paraṃ brahma muktānāṃ paramā gatiḥ |
vimukto muktakeśaś ca śrīmāñchrīvardhano jagat || 168 ||

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